While the answer is yes you have to check if your usage agreements push the issue to "your choice to connect to our equipment.. We are not liable..." and so on.

Since static discharge is possible you could watch YouTubes and get training on ESD and talk to an electrician about doing a ground and voltage check.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phantom_power puts the power at about 10 Volts at 250mA which should at worst fry the audio section. If they lost the entire laptop, it wasn't this.