and Near East. All the Greek Isles were heavily forested, as were Cyprus and Crete, most of the Greek Mainland and the Roman penninsula. Lebanon was famous for Cedar of Lebanon, and while Iraq may not have had huge trees for shipbuilding (that's what all the others did with theirs) Iraq had gardens and orchards and a cooler climate due to the presence of trees as did Iran up until the 13th or 14th Century, then pfft it all ended.
The British bought the Island of Cyprus for L74,000 in about 1850 as soon as the Suez Canal was being discussed by the French. They paid the farmers to terrace the hillsides and grow trees so that the island didn't continue eroding into the Mediterranean, and it worked for a while.