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B-52 in the air

The U.S. Air Force recently announced plans to send the legendary -- and intensely powerful -- B-52 Stratofortress bomber into battle yet again, this time against ISIS targets in Iraq and Syria.

The airborne behemoth proves that old doesn't have to mean outdated, even in an era of rapid technological change. Just the opposite: Through good maintenance and occasional updates, vintage tech can hold its own against flashier, more expensive, more finicky next-generation designs.

Photo by: U.S. Air Force photo/Staff Sgt. Kamaile O. Long

B-52 and B-2

A B-52 flies side-by-side with the (relatively speaking) new kid on the block, the B-2 Spirit bomber, which was unveiled to the public in 1988 but which didn't really go into service until well into the 1990s. Over the decades, Boeing built more than 740 of the B-52 aircraft, the last one way back in 1962. By contrast, the U.S. Air Force has an inventory of only about 20 B-2s.

Photo by: U.S. Air Force photo/Staff Sgt. Samuel Rogers

B-52 nighttime maintenance

According to the U.S. Air Force, the cost of an an individual B-52 ran to about $84 million (in 2012 dollars; or $9.28 million in 1962). The B-2, meanwhile, carries a $3-billion price tag.

Photo by: U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sgt. Sarah E. Stegman

Sunrise over the B-52

The Air Force says the life span of the B-52 could extend to 2040 and beyond, and it's got the engineering analysis to prove it.

Photo by: Airman 1st Class Micaiah Anthony

Bombs away

During a training run over Nevada, a B-52H lets loose a load of 750-pound bombs. The H model was the final one in the Stratofortress line, and it's the only one in the Air Force inventory today; 102 of them were delivered to the Strategic Air Command between May 1961 and October 1962.

Photo by: U.S. Air Force photo

Boom!

In recent years, B-52s were active in both wars in Iraq, and also have seen action over Afghanistan. In addition to bombs, the B-52 can carry cruise missiles; in one night mission in March 2003, the Air Force says, B-52s launched around 100 cruise missiles during Operation Iraqi Freedom.

Photo by: Senior Airman Alexandra M. Longfellow

Prepping bombs for a B-52

Air Force personnel load bombs -- free-fall, unguided, general-purpose 750-pound bombs -- on a truck at Andersen Air Force Base in Guam for delivery to a B-52.

Photo by: U.S. Air Force photo/Staff Sgt. Vanessa Valentine

Nose fuzes

Nose fuzes get inspected before being inserted into bombs.

Photo by: U.S. Air Force photo/Staff Sgt. Vanessa Valentine

Show of arms

At Barksdale AFB in Louisiana, this display shows the variety of munitions a B-52 might carry. The B-52 has a wingspan of 185 feet, and its length from nose to tail is just under 160 feet. That tail stands just over 40 feet high. It can carry a payload of 70,000 pounds. The B-52's power comes from eight Pratt & Whitney TF33-P-3/103 turbofan engines, each providing up to 17,000 pounds of thrust.

Correction, April 17 at 7:25 a.m. PT: This caption originally gave the wrong figure for the B-52 payload. The B-52's payload is 70,000 pounds.

Photo by: U.S. Air Force photo by Tech. Sgt. Robert J. Horstman

Cockpit view

This view of and from the cockpit shows the pilots bringing a B-52 in for a landing at Tinker AFB in Oklahoma for depot maintenance. The B-52 has a crew of five: aircraft commander, pilot, radar navigator, navigator, and electronic warfare officer.

Photo by: U.S. Air Force photo/Margo Wright

B-52 cockpit crew

Here's the view the other way, looking backward through the cockpit of B-52H in 2010. The aircraft can fly at 650 miles per hour and has a ceiling of about 50,000 feet. Its range is 8,800 miles, but that can be greatly extended with midair refueling. "The use of aerial refueling," the Air Force points out rather drily in its B-52 fact sheet, "gives the B-52 a range limited only by crew endurance."

In September 1996, to give an extreme example of that endurance, a pair of B-52s traveled from Barksdale AFB in Louisiana to Baghdad to launch cruise missiles at power stations and communications facilities as part of Operation Desert Strike. The round trip totaled 16,000 miles in 34 hours.

Photo by: U.S. Air Force photo/Staff Sgt. Christopher Boitz

Battle station

Two officers man a B-52's lower deck, also known as the battle station.

Photo by: U.S. Air Force photo/Master Sgt. Lance Cheung

Navigators at work

Navigators keep tabs on a bombing mission during Operation Iraqi Freedom in the first decade of this century. Although the last B-52H was delivered to the Air Force in 1962, the aircraft have been updated. In 1989, for instance, GPS was incorporated into the navigation system.

Photo by: U.S. Air Force photo by Tech. Sgt. Richard Freeland

SAC crew makes a dash

This photo from the 1960s captures the sense of urgency that underlay the mission of the Strategic Air Command during the height of the Cold War. According to the Air Force, 50 percent of the SAC bomber and tanker force was on continuous ground alert and ready to take to the air immediately if early-warning systems were to detect ballistic missiles launched from the Soviet Union.

Photo by: U.S. Air Force photo

Bombs over Vietnam

Fortunately, the Cold War came and went without those ballistic missiles leaving their silos in anger. But tensions between the superpowers boiled over in other ways -- as in the Vietnam War, where B-52s first saw combat in June 1965. Among the missions were carpet-bombing runs against enemy combatants under the dense jungle canopy. Here, a "Big Belly" B-52D -- modified to carry a greater number of bombs -- unleashes a 60,000-pound bomb payload over Vietnam.

Photo by: U.S. Air Force photo

Bomb strike from a B-52

Bombs from a B-52 hit ground positions in Vietnam during Operation Arc Light.

Photo by: U.S. Air Force photo

XB-52 in 1953

Way back when: This is the prototype XB-52 Stratofortress, used as a test aircraft for all of its service life, in flight in 1953. It featured a canopy-type cockpit, rather than the side-by-side cockpit of the production models.

Photo by: U.S. Air Force photo

B-52A at Boeing Field

Also from the Eisenhower years, this is the B-52A, the first production model, on the occasion of its maiden flight on August 5, 1954. The locale is Boeing Field in Washington.

Photo by: U.S. Air Force photo

B-52 ferries X-15 aloft

B-52 aircraft have carried more than bombs and cruise missiles. They've also served as a mothership to ferry test aircraft aloft, as with the X-15 here, to help conserve the fuel that the experimental planes would need to reach great speeds and great altitudes.

Photo by: NASA

X-15

The X-15 launches at 45,000 feet, already moving at 500 mph or better, in this photo from 1959. The X-plane typically was propelled by its rocket engine for about 1 to 2 minutes, then flew for 8 to 12 minutes without power before coming to Earth in a 200-mph glide landing.

Photo by: NASA

Test pilot Milt Thompson

This brave soul is NASA test pilot Milt Thompson, and the test aircraft attached to a pylon under the wing of the B-52 is an M2-F2 lifting-body aircraft.

Photo by: NASA

X-51A Waverider

The mother ship tradition continues into this century. Here, an unmanned X-51A Waverider catches a ride on a B-52 for a test flight in 2009.

Photo by: U.S. Air Force photo/Mike Cassidy

B-52 simulator

It isn't always practical -- or cheap -- to take aircraft into the air for training. The next best thing for B-52 crew members could well be this simulator at Barksdale AFB. Fitted around the simulated cockpit is a big projection dome; hydraulic actuators provide what the Air Force says is realistic motion.

Photo by: U.S. Air Force photo/Lance Cheung

Running the simulator

This gentleman is managing the training inputs for the simulator as aircrew members run through an aerial refueling.

Photo by: U.S. Air Force photo/Lance Cheung

View from the simu-cockpit

So how much cheaper is it to use the flight simulator? The Air Force says that the cost of an hour's flying time in an actual B-52 is about $16,000. The simulator comes in at just $400 an hour.

Photo by: U.S. Air Force photo/Lance Cheung

USS Schenectady, after bombing

In November 2004, in part to demonstrate the continuing relevance of its long-distance bombers (the B-1 as well as the B-52), the Air Force participated in exercise Resultant Fury. Could a B-52 hit a ship at sea? Yes -- witness the remains of the USS Schenectady, a decommissioned tank landing ship used as a training target.

Photo by: U.S. Air Force photo by Tech. Sgt. Richard Freeland

Thumbs-up

A B-52 pilot gives the thumbs-up before taking off on a bombing mission over Iraq sometime in the last decade.

Photo by: U.S. Air Force photo by Tech. Sgt. Richard Freeland

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