Updated:Caption:Martin LaMonicaPhoto:Bryan William Jones, University of Utah Moran Eye Center
Skin of an Immature Cucumber
Photographer Robert Bellinveau used a polarizing microscope to get a 800 times magnification of trichomes, a defensive tip of young cucumbers. His work got an honorable mention in the Photography category.
It looks like the side of a mountain from Utah but it's actually tiny layers of titanium-based compounds. The team of photographers was able to capture this level of detail, with each strip only five atoms thick, in two dimensions for the first time, according to the journal Science.
Updated:Caption:Martin LaMonicaPhoto:Babak Anasori, Michael Naguib, Yury Gogotsi, Michel W. Barsoum, Drexel University
Tumor Death-Cell Receptors on Breast Cancer Cell
This illustration depicts a dangerous-looking breast cancer. It was modeled in 3D software and painted in Photoshop. The green globs on the bottom left show a protein treatment which can shut down and kill cancer cells.
Updated:Caption:Martin LaMonicaPhoto:Emiko Paul and Quade Paul, Echo Medical Media; Ron Gamble, UAB Insight
Variable-Diameter Carbon Nanotubes
Illustrator Joel Brehm creates the perspective of being within an array of carbon nanotubes, which are too small to see with the naked eye. He drew from the work done at the University of Nebraska in making variable diameter carbon nanotubes, which could be used for antennas or electronics.
Updated:Caption:Martin LaMonicaPhoto:Joel Brehm, University of Nebraska, Lincoln
Exploring Complex Functions Using Domain Coloring
This image is a visualization of a complex math problem. Each complex number in an equation is a color, and the farther they are from zero (the white area), the brighter the picture. The idea is to show the differences between complex numbers.
Updated:Caption:Martin LaMonicaPhoto:Konstantin Poelke, Konrad Polthier of Free University of Berlin
Separation of a Cell
Cell division is taught early on in biology but it's most often depicted in two dimensions. This illustration is an effort to create a more realistic three-dimensional image.
Updated:Caption:Martin LaMonicaPhoto:Andrew Noske and Thomas Deerinck The National Center for Microscopy and Imaging Research; Horng Ou and Clodagh O'Shea, Salk Institute
Gaming for science
Foldit is a computer game where people try to visually construct proteins that could be useful to medical research. Gamers, who don't need to be trained scientists, compete to make a protein from amino acids.
Using a video game, students can delve into the biology under the skin. The students start at the skin on the hand and then enter a cell, then animated chromosomes and proteins. The developer hopes to refine the game so that students can visually see things at the atomic level, according to Science.
Certainly not the prettiest sight, but one that reflects the complexity of the Ebola virus. This 3D model, put together by Russian-based group Visual Science, reflects the complicated structure of the virus.
Updated:Caption:Martin LaMonicaPhoto:Ivan Konstantinov, Yury Stefanov, Alexander Kovalevsky, Anastasya Bakulina of Visual Science
Science and engineering visualization contest winners (images)