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The heart of the LHC: a dipole magnet

At the heart of the LHC are 1,232 dipole magnets, of which this is a cross section. The dipole magnet creates a nearly linear magnetic field that steers the beam of ionized particles around the accelerator. Two beams travel separately in opposite directions through the left and right central channels.

Updated:Caption:Photo:Stephen Shankland/CNET
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CMS end cap lowered into place

The CMS experiment is one of two geared for a variety of tasks, including finding the elusive Higgs boson. Because the LHC is underground, equipment such as this massive end cap for the CMS experiment must be lowered with cranes. This cap was at one end of the cylindrical detector.

Updated:Caption:Photo:Maximilien Brice/CERN
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CMS silicon detector

One end of the CMS detector during the LHC's assembly in 2007.

Updated:Caption:Photo:Maximilien Brice/CERN
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LHC control center

The LHC's primary control center is used to monitor and run the particle accelerator. This pod of screens is matched by four others for other tasks. Separate control centers are used for the experiments. The green screens toward the left signal that all is well with hundreds of subsystems.

Updated:Caption:Photo:Stephen Shankland/CNET
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LHC computing center

The LHC requires tremendous computing power to store data. A primary copy of the data is stored at CERN, but it's replicated elsewhere across the planet.

Updated:Caption:Photo:Stephen Shankland/CNET
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LHC's ATLAS detector

A view inside the ATLAS detector. Physicists hope to use the detector to find and detail the Higgs boson, a particle believed to imbue more conventional matter with mass.

Updated:Caption:Photo:Claudia Marcelloni/CERN
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ATLAS beam pipe

ATLAS is one of the LHC's two general-purpose experiments. Here, the yellow crane holds the particle beam pipe that's being inserted into the detector.

Updated:Caption:Photo:Maximilien Brice/CERN
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Closing the ALICE doors

ALICE, one of the LHC's four major experiments, is designed to probe the high-energy past just after the Big Bang when quarks weren't confined within protons and neutrons as they are today.

Updated:Caption:Photo:Mona Schweizer/CERN
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CMS control center

Albert de Roeck, one of the CMS managers, calls up the latest experimental data from the Compact Muon Solenoid.

Updated:Caption:Photo:Stephen Shankland/CNET
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CMS silicon tracking detector insertion

LHS experiments are assembled underground. Here, a silicon tracking detector--a cousin to an ordinary digital camera sensor--is inserted into one of the LHC's two general-purpose experiments, the CMS.

Updated:Caption:Photo:Michael Hoch/CERN
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The World Wide Web's first server

CERN is where Tim Berners-Lee created the World Wide Web. This is the hand-written note on the side of the first Web server alerting staff not to switch it off.

Updated:Caption:Photo:Stephen Shankland/CNET
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In the LHC control center

Mirko Pojer, a physicist and the engineer in charge of LHC operations, explains properties of the LHC's two countercirculating proton beams.

Updated:Caption:Photo:Stephen Shankland/CNET
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Damaged LHC

In a September 2008 incident at the LHC, electrical current resistance heated this area until liquid helium burst into a gas, damaging the LHC and forcing a delay in operation and an amended design.

Updated:Caption:Photo:Maximilien Brice/CERN
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LHC magnet junction

This shot shows the exposed innards of a junction between two superconducting magnet sections at the LHC. The electrical bus connection toward the upper right failed in September 2008, overheating and causing a serious operational incident.

Updated:Caption:Photo:Stephen Shankland/CNET
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CERN celebration

It's customary to celebrate milestones at CERN. Here are some of the leftover bottles.

Updated:Caption:Photo:Stephen Shankland/CNET
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ATLAS mural

The exterior of the Atlas control center at CERN is spruced up with physics-appropriate artwork.

Updated:Caption:Photo:Stephen Shankland/CNET
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Globe of Science and Innovation

The Globe of Science and Innovation has no scientific function, but the center is a distinctive CERN landmark.

Updated:Caption:Photo:Stephen Shankland/CNET
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Magnet assembly

This magnet assembly, above ground and not in use, shows how the LHC fits within its underground cavern.

Updated:Caption:Photo:Stephen Shankland/CNET
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LHC sprawl

The LHC, which fits into the underground tunnel used by an earlier accelerator at CERN, is 27 kilometers in circumference. For scale, the Geneva airport is at the far end of the circle in this shot and the Alps are in the distance.

Updated:Caption:Photo:CERN
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Last LHC connection--for a time

A 2007 photo shows a worker making the final connections in the LHC ring. Some of the work will be redone after a planned shutdown before the accelerator is run at full power.

Updated:Caption:Photo:Claudia Marcelloni/CERN
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