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Christmas Gift Guide

The Shrine of the Book

Using tech for preservation

Leon Levy lab

A digital sea scroll

Halevi at work

A close eye on conservation

Moving into the digital future

Google spurs digital wave

The Hall of Names

The hall's dome

The case of Mr. Grinman

Inside the archive room

Yad Vashem's digital media lab

High-resolution preservation

A spot-on Auschwitz Album copy

At the IAA's 3D-imaging lab

The 3D scanner

Analyzing pottery

Pottery storage

Metal and glass labs

Antiquities meet tech

Tables filled with pottery shards

Our search for high-tech preservation of antiquities led us to the Israel Museum in Jerusalem.

The main exhibit there is the Shrine of the Book, where visitors can see some of the 2,000-year-old Dead Sea Scrolls.

Caption by / Photo by Ben Fox Rubin/CNET

Nearby on the museum's campus, the Israel Antiquities Authority maintains the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library. There, Shai Halevi (center), the the project's photographer, creates images of the manuscripts for monitoring and preservation.

Caption by / Photo by Ben Fox Rubin/CNET

The lab includes a custom-built spectral-imaging camera that takes detailed digital pictures of historical documents using red, green and blue lights.

Caption by / Photo by Shai Halevi/IAA

The composite image of the red, green and blue pictures creates an image like the one seen here, with pictures taken from the sides as well to capture all the wrinkles in the parchment.

Caption by / Photo by Ben Fox Rubin/CNET

Here Halevi prepares to take another set of pictures of Dead Sea Scroll fragments. In all, 56 exposures are taken of each fragment to capture every detail.

Caption by / Photo by Ben Fox Rubin/CNET

Here a conservator working in the an adjacent lab surveys a piece of ancient text. Only four conservators in the world are authorized to handle the Dead Sea Scrolls.

Caption by / Photo by Ben Fox Rubin/CNET

Pnina Shor, a longtime IAA archeologist, is now the head of the Dead Sea Scrolls Projects, where she helps lead the efforts to add more tech to the government agency's work.

Caption by / Photo by Ben Fox Rubin/CNET

Google's Israel team, lead by Yossi Matias -- pictured here in the company's Tel Aviv offices -- served as a catalyst to get more museums and libraries to put their archives and art online.

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At Yad Vashem, Israel's Holocaust memorial, millions of testimonials about victims are kept in books within the Hall of Names room here.

Caption by / Photo by Ben Fox Rubin/CNET

The room's dome includes pictures of 600 Holocaust victims, to represent those murdered in the Holocaust.

Caption by / Photo by Ben Fox Rubin/CNET

Yad Vashem is working to connect more of its names, pictures and other files together, to reconstruct victims' lives. Here, Haim Gertner, the museum's archives division director, describes researchers' work discovering one Holocaust victim's history.

Caption by / Photo by Ben Fox Rubin/CNET

Here, Gertner shows a Nazi-created prisoner card.

Caption by / Photo by Ben Fox Rubin/CNET

The museum created a digital media lab focused on preserving audio and video files related to the Holocaust. Here, Yad Vashem CIO Michael Lieber (right) and Adir Barel, head of the digital media lab, discuss the race against time to save material from decades-old media formats.

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Yossi Ben-David, a digitization expert, uses a high-powered camera to create a digital copy of an heirloom family diary from the war.

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Ben-David recreated the one-of-a-kind Auschwitz Album, in hopes of giving museum visitors the feeling of flipping through a historical document.

Caption by / Photo by Ben Fox Rubin/CNET

The IAA bought a 3D scanner two years ago to record pottery, flints and other excavation finds, so it can find more nuances in these artifacts. The device is now housed at the agency's offices in the Har Hotzvim industrial park.

Caption by / Photo by Ben Fox Rubin/CNET

The 3D-imaging camera, seen here, is scanning a tiny, 3,000-year-old grape seed.

Caption by / Photo by Ben Fox Rubin/CNET

Avshalom Karasik, who heads IAA’s 3D laboratory, shows a program that analyzes 3D pottery images.

Caption by / Photo by Ben Fox Rubin/CNET

Hundreds of excavations are done annually in Israel. Some of the reconstructed pottery pieces end up here, in the basement of IAA's Har Hotzvim offices.

Caption by / Photo by Ben Fox Rubin/CNET

The Har Hotzvim offices also include labs to restore metals, glass and other materials uncovered from digs.

Caption by / Photo by Ben Fox Rubin/CNET

Although the Har Hotzvim offices are in an industrial park filled with science and technology companies, several aspects of the IAA offices are far from high-tech.

Caption by / Photo by Ben Fox Rubin/CNET

Many hallways are lined with long wooden tables that are filled with pieces of pottery.

Caption by / Photo by Ben Fox Rubin/CNET
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