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Noise and JPEG processing

The sharpness of the lens, high resolvability of the sensor and smart noise and JPEG processing all contribute to the X100S' excellent JPEG quality as high as ISO 1600 in good light. The extra-thin optical low-pass filter on the sensor does result in some rendering oddities, though; notice how the lack of antialiasing distorts the text.

Updated:Caption:Photo:Lori Grunin/CNET
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Sharpness

The camera resolves detail very well, but to my eyes it looks a hair oversharpened.

(1/125 sec, f10, ISO 200, AWB, multi metering)

Updated:Caption:Photo:Lori Grunin/CNET
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Bokeh

The 9-bladed aperture and low-noise sensor results in lovely soft bokeh.

(1/125 sec, f4, ISO 200, AWB, multi metering)

Updated:Caption:Photo:Lori Grunin/CNET
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Lens at f2

While the lens generally has extremely good center sharpness and reasonably good edge sharpness, f2 is close to unusable. You can see the huge difference simply between f2 and f2.8 in the center; the outer edges become decent at f4.

Updated:Caption:Photo:Lori Grunin/CNET
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Lens at f2 redux

This is what f2 looks like in practice.

(1/125 sec, f4=2, ISO 200, AWB, spot metering)

Updated:Caption:Photo:Lori Grunin/CNET
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Highlight recovery

The camera rates fairly well on highlight and shadow recovery (top is JPEG, bottom is raw).

(1/125 sec, f3.6, ISO 200, AWB, multi metering)

Updated:Caption:Photo:Lori Grunin/CNET
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ISO 400 JPEG

The camera produces extremely clean, crisp JPEGs at middle ISO sensitivities.

(1/60 sec, f3.6, ISO 400, AWB, spot metering)

Updated:Caption:Photo:Lori Grunin/CNET
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ISO 800 JPEG

There's no softening even at ISO 800.

(1/110 sec, f4, ISO 800, AWB, spot metering)

Updated:Caption:Photo:Lori Grunin/CNET
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ISO 1600, no noise reduction

What little color noise appears at ISO 1600 is extremly fine-grained compared to other APS-C sensors. You can see some yellow blotchiness start to appear, though.

(1/60 sec, f2, ISO 1600, AWB, multi metering)

Updated:Caption:Photo:Lori Grunin/CNET
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ISO 3200 JPEG

This is pretty sharp for ISO 3200.

(1/30 sec, f4, ISO 3200, AWB, spot metering)

Updated:Caption:Photo:Lori Grunin/CNET
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ISO 6400 raw vs. JPEG

ISO 6400 is the first setting where there was a clear advantage to shooting raw over JPEG for getting better image detail.

(1/125 sec, f4, ISO 6400, AWB, spot metering)

Updated:Caption:Photo:Lori Grunin/CNET
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Color

The X100S' default color settings (called Film Simulations) produce pleasing images, with somewhat higher contrast than I like and pumped up saturation.

Updated:Caption:Photo:Lori Grunin/CNET
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Saturated reds and pinks

The X100S' handling of bright, saturated reds and pinks is better than the X100's, but there are still some issues with hue shifts in the Standard default color setting (Provia film simulation). Switching to anothing setting prevents the orange areas you see here, but there are still some areas which render clipped. Additionally, these aren't quite the right color in any of the JPEG settings.

(1/125 sec, f3.2, ISO 200, AWB, multi metering)

Updated:Caption:Photo:Lori Grunin/CNET
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