Did Intel abandon cable modems because it's just too difficult to change the cable infrastructure?
I think there's two things you need to consider. First of all, cable modems are a new infrastructure. And new infrastructures are hellishly difficult to put together end to end. It's a difficult job. Our interest is to provide the best experience that computers and the existing Internet can provide to the 35 million (existing connected PC users), and as cable modems or other high-bandwidth technology (usage) creeps up..., for those who have them that provide a better experience. But our principal objective is to raise the baseline for everyone who's online.
How long will a "hybrid system" of local storage plus network feeds serve our needs?
Really forever. No matter the bandwidth you can provide externally, we can always provide higher bandwidth access from your local disk. Local memory is where all your data winds up anyway and we can match the data rate coming form local memory much easier locally than over the network.
XDSL technology was missing from your list of bandwidth advances. Why?
XDSL technology is an experimental technology. To my knowledge there is no real proof of it in large scale production and no real commitments to employ it. I hope that the proof will come and I hope the deployment will come. Because in principle, on paper and in laboratories, it's a dynamite technology providing high bandwidth. But, again, when it comes, it will come to a small portion of the total connected population. Our interest is to take care of the 60 million, 70 million people who buy computers this year.
If you were gambling and you had to put your money on ISDN or ADSL, which one would you bet on?
I would bet on a combination of POTS (plain ole telephone service) and your local storage, the hybrid application concept.
You're really high on this?
Yes. We concluded this after several years of working with ISDN, with cable modems and we continue to do that because they all provide better experience than the cable network, but the time when they will be available to ordinary users, is unforeseeable, decades away.
You've said that only the paranoid survive. How can you possibly be paranoid of anyone with the success of Intel? Isn't it true that you can virtually dictate standards?
No. This phenomenon is bigger than any of us. Nobody can dictate standards. We all have to work in such a manner that the other parties buy into what you are trying to do. We cannot provide quality of service experience by ourselves. That's why we entered into a partnership with MCI.
We do not provide content, or means of delivering DVD, in fact, we don't provide DVDs. There are very large forces and companies at work whose specialized efforts all have to becoming building blocks in this total picture.