Third-party services that let Snapchat users back up their photos and videos -- and that Snapchat claims it tried to shut down -- are at the center of the latest Snapchat hack.
An enormous, 13-gigabyte library of photos and videos from an estimated 200,000 accounts had been saved through apps and websites not affiliated with Snapchat has been hacked. Snapchat popularized "ephemeral" messaging services, which claim to delete messages after they are viewed.
That appears to have been the case with the two third-party services that are suspected of being at the center of the hack, details of which were first reported by Business Insider on Friday. SnapSave, an Android app, and the similarly named SnapSaved, a website that closed down several months ago, allowed Snapchat users to read messages outside of Snapchat's app. They also appear to have created backups of messages.
It's not clear if the backups were created intentionally, or if the services were created with the express purpose of storing Snapchat messages without the knowledge or permission of Snapchat users.
"What we do know is that our servers have not been breached and no Snaps have been leaked from our servers," Snapchat spokeswoman Mary Ritti told CNET.
The company did not answer questions about what steps it has taken to warn its users about these third-party services aside from its Terms of Service.
Chris Eng, vice president of research at computer-security research firm Veracode, said Snapchat has "a history of not taking security seriously."
"SnapSave was in the [Google Play Store] since 2013. That alone suggests to me that they're not being very aggressive" about policing third-party apps, Eng said.
He added that Snapchat was slow to adopt encryption, a common tool to protect Internet traffic from snooping, and that Snapchat's initial implementation of encryption was weak because they used only a "single encryption key."
"I would bet that they've never had an independent security review," Eng said, referring to a common way for companies to evaluate how tough their security is.
Snapchat is best known for offering something Facebook and Twitter don't: A way to send messages without having to think about what they'll look like a few years from now. When customers send each other photo or video "snaps," recipients can view them for a short amount of time before they disappear. Snapchat debuted in 2011.
The service has now become one of the titans of the social-networking industry, particularly attracting users aged 18 to 24. One estimate says that half of Snapchat users are teenagers between 13 and 17 years old.
Facebook the third-most popular social media app in the US, behind Facebook and its photo-sharing service Instagram., in addition to fielding that attempt to offer similar functionality. In August, ComScore said the app had become
The Snapchat-related breach comes a month after hackers cracked open Apple's iCloud service to, many of which depicted the celebrities in nude or sexual situations.
Actress Jennifer Lawrence spoke to Vanity Fair about the iCloud hack. "It is not a scandal. It is a sex crime," she said, calling the hack a "sexual violation" and attacking the sites that host the photos as "disgusting."
Victims of the Snapchat hack are left with little recourse. While celebrities have used their star power tofor linking to images stolen from iCloud, Snapchat users so far do not appear to be linked. Contacting the administrators of websites that are hosting the images may be the only way to get photos and videos from Snapchat removed, and there's no guarantee that will work.
Not all ephemeral messaging services are as open to third parties as Snapchat. Wickr, a similar service that not only can delete messages after they've been sent, but also encrypt them so that not even Wickr employees can see what users are sending to each other, prevents third-party services from accessing its servers.
Wickr's Android app is prevented from taking screenshots. But users can take screenshots in Wickr on an iPhone because Apple doesn't allow developers to disable screen-capturing in iOS.