The group, which calls itself the Zeroday Emergency Response Team, or ZERT, created the patch so users of Windows versions that are no longer officially supported can protect their PCs against increasing attacks that utilize a recently disclosed Windows flaw.
The vulnerability, first reported last week, lies in a Windows component called "vgx.dll." This component supports Vector Markup Language (VML) graphics in the operating system. Malicious software can be loaded, unbeknownst to the user, onto a vulnerable PC when the user clicks on a malicious link on a Web site or an e-mail message.
Microsofton Tuesday to address the problem, two weeks before its regularly scheduled patch day. Microsoft's updates are available for Windows 2000 with Service Pack 4, Windows XP with Service Pack 1 or later, Microsoft Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, and Windows Server 2003.
But Microsoft no longer provides updates for its older operating systems. ZERT sought to fill that void. "A ZERT patch has just been made available for unsupported system versions," the group said on its Web site. The patch has been tested on Windows 98, Windows 98 Second Edition, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 2000 and Windows 2000 with Service Pack 3, the group said.
ZERT is made up of security professionals from around the world who volunteer their time. Last week the group ahead of Microsoft's fix, so IE users can protect themselves while Microsoft worked on an official patch.
Meanwhile, there are. Some of these flaws are already being used in cyberattacks, though not as widespread as the VML flaw, according to security experts.
A word of caution is always warranted when it comes to third-party fixes, ZERT has noted. The group does test its fixes, but does not have the same resources Microsoft does when it produces patches. ZERT does provide the source code of its fix, allowing people to validate what it does.
ZERT stresses on its Web site that its fix has no warranties.