The report from the Center for Media Education (CME) comes as the Federal Trade Commission's workshop on the issue kicks off today. The agency will hear from experts about effective ways for commercial Web sites to get parental consent before gathering information from children younger than age 13--a practice mandated by the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) signed into law last year.
The center reviewed 80 sites, including branded sites such as Lego, the Cartoon Network, Nintendo, and lesser-known sites such Yucky.com.
Overall, 88 percent collect children's personal data, but more than a quarter do not have privacy policies, the CME study stated. Less than 26 percent ask for parental permission before collecting the information.
The CME along with the Consumer Federation of America (CFA), Junkbusters, and other consumer groups, want the FTC to force companies to get hand-written permission before harnessing sensitive details from children.
"The FTC must not give in to corporate lobbying for a weak and delayed application of the law," said Jason Catlett, founder of Junkbusters, a clearinghouse for privacy-protection measures. "Americans have precious few privacy rights, and this single online privacy law that Congress has granted should not be gutted by substandard rulemaking.
The groups suggested methods for obtaining parental consent such as by mail or fax--forms could be printable from the children's Web site or mailed to the parent. They warned against another system, proposed by an assortment of online companies, which would enable Web sites to collect children's data and then send an email to parents without previously getting their consent.
"These findings underscore the urgent need for clear and effective rules to protect children's privacy online," Kathryn Montgomery, president of the CME, said in a statement. "Parents must be involved when personal information is collected from their children."