Carriers can make New Yorkers dial an 11-digit telephone number--a "1", plus the area code and phone number--even if they are calling someone a few blocks away, the 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals has ruled.
The order takes effect in about ten months, barring any successful appeals. The court was ruling on telephone service providers' practice of "area code overlay," where carriers create a new area code to serve a portion of a city that already has one. Carriers say area code overlay is helping alleviate the shortage of telephone numbers in major metropolitan areas.