If NASA isn't extremely careful about sterilization, then life on Mars could end up being exactly the same as certain forms of bacteria life on Earth.
Research shows bacteria exploit conducting minerals in their environment to shuttle electrons between species, allowing greater growth.
Government researchers say they've successfully engineered a substance called bisabolane into a biosynthetic alternative to diesel fuel.
Glori Energy looks to raise $115 million in an IPO with a biotechnology designed to extract oil from existing wells by stimulating the growth of underground microbes.
Cellulosic ethanol start-up ZeaChem begins construction on a plant in Oregon that will use a microorganism found in termite stomachs to convert wood into fuel.
Berkeley Lab scientists using PhyloChip analysis say a previously undiscovered species of ocean microbe is aggressively gobbling oil plumes from the Gulf of Mexico oil spill.
Start-up seeks permitting to expand tests. Its technology encourages coal-eating bacteria to produce natural gas from depleted wells.
ARPA-E, the Department of Energy agency created to research clean-energy breakthroughs, puts an additional $106 million into 37 commercial and academic ventures.
OPX Biotechnologies has a tool that can decipher a genome rapidly, which makes it easier to make fuel.
An extremely rare microbe pops up in two different spacecraft clean rooms, one in Florida and one in South America.