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Lignin is tough stuff, but Washington University has a way to turn at least some of it into fuel.
The Italian fashion label dreams up eco-friendly glasses made out of a biodegradable superwood.
Startup Virdia raises funds to test making sugar from wood chips, making it one of many companies trying to create sugars from non-food sources for chemicals, biofuel, or animal feed.
Converting seaweed sugar to fuel sidesteps land-use and fresh-water issues posed by conventional biofuels, Bio Architecture Lab argues.
Researchers develop highly degradable sugar-based polymer for plastic from non-food biomass.
Nobody wants garbage, so why not make ethanol out of it? Company aims to set up series of small ethanol refineries at landfills.
Cellulosic ethanol specialist start-up to build plants in Michigan, New York and Tennessee, with plans to experiment with different feedstocks.
ZeaChem devises a process in which a microbe from termite guts converts plant matter into acetic acid. The acid is then turned into fuel.
Here is Coskata's business plan in a nutshell: take garbage, make gas out of it, and feed it to microbes. Then a big company pays you to teach them how to do it.
Biofuels are under attack for environmental and economic reasons. GM and biofuel firms counter that low-cost ethanol from sustainable growth is coming soon.