Annual report to Congress alleges a steady campaign of hacking designed to acquire information about the U.S. government's foreign policy and military plans.
The country allegedly hacked into corporate networks around the world to try to gain an upperhand in the economic sphere.
New legislation to be introduced by the House Intelligence Committee aims to curb cybertheft and cyberespionage done by "cyber hackers from nation-states like China and Russia."
During the 2008 presidential campaign, top-level staffers' laptops were infiltrated with malware that allowed alleged Chinese hackers to steal internal documents, files, and e-mails.
Amid rising concern in the U.S. over China's role in cyberattacks, the latter is expanding its focus on virtual combat.
After a slew of U.S. companies' Web sites were hacked, a group of bi-partisan senators is looking at getting a new law passed that combats cyber-theft by foreign governments and hackers.
The talks will focus on the theft of U.S. intellectual property and will kick off as part of the yearly "Strategic and Economic Dialogue" between China and the U.S., The New York Times reports.
More than two dozen advanced weapons systems are said to have been accessed. Documents obtained by the Washington Post do not indicate whether the breaches occurred on government or contractor networks.
Chinese hackers were blamed for breaking into Google's servers in 2010; now, U.S. officials say these cyberattacks may have led to the release of secret government information.
The Trojan used in the RSA breach of 2010 continues to target corporations and governments worldwide. Over 200 variants were recently discovered by researchers.