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Using computational modeling, a team of doctors and engineers are working together to create a quicker, less-expensive way to help diagnose prostate cancer.
A type of MRI scan reveals the size and set-up of a part of the brain that appears to be smaller in children with dyslexia.
Researchers develop a "scent device" they hope may prove to be a reliable way to detect cancer in patients' urine before it becomes a serious problem.
Diabetics can have a "fruity" odor to their breath that indicates high glucose levels, and chemists at the University of Pittsburgh say this biomarker alone can diagnose the disease.
Researchers at Columbia University win a breast cancer prognosis challenge with a new computational model, which could potentially improve models for diagnosing and treating many types of cancer.
Researchers demonstrate for the first time that the previously reported metastasis-inducing protein can be detected in the blood of ovarian cancer patients.
A review of 10+ years of imaging studies finds that PET scans can safely and accurately detect various forms of dementia.
Researchers at U.C. Berkeley are working on new chip that could analyze a drop of blood to detect hundreds of illnesses, including HIV, all at once and in minutes. CNET's Kara Tsuboi reports.
Researchers are using nanoparticles to create a material sensitive enough to analyze a person's breath to detect indicators of cancer and other diseases.
Cleveland Clinic releases its annual top 10, with the radioactive molecular imaging compound AV-45--poised to help early detection of Alzheimer's--taking the top spot.