Projects funded include those utilizing ethanol, biodiesel, and landfill gas made from a variety of renewable biomass resources.
Researchers from the University of Georgia believe they have discovered a method that could turn CO2 from the air into useable industrial products.
Government researchers say they've successfully engineered a substance called bisabolane into a biosynthetic alternative to diesel fuel.
The plant hopes to prove that converting feedstock, forestry waste, agricultural waste, and household yard and vegetable waste into biofuels is commercially viable.
The utility and a company called BioEnergy are ready to use bovine biomass from a Fresno area farm to help heat homes across California.
National Research Council says that without "major technological innovation or policy changes" long-term targets for cellulosic biofuels are not likely to be met.
Biofuel company LS9, along with government-funded researchers, have developed a way to convert non-food plants into biodiesel in a single step, promising lower costs.
Taking a cue from the oil business, BioEnergy International is developing biorefinery processes to make fuels and specialty biochemicals.
Non-edible plant materials like corn husks and stalks produce biogas more efficiently than cereal crops.
Innovation in renewable energy today draws on years of research and experimentation in the quest to displace fossil fuels.