Sony waited a good, long while before updating its full-size megazoom, the HX1. That camera, announced back in March 2009, was ahead of the competition at the time--at least technologically. A lot's changed since then, though, with manufacturers like Nikon, Fujifilm, and Panasonic jumping ahead. The HX100V, however, brings Sony back in line with the competition, in terms of technology, photo and video quality, and zoom range.
The camera packs (for better or worse) a 16-megapixel Exmor R sensor, a 30x wide-angle 27mm-equivalent lens, and a high-speed linear focusing system. It shoots video in full HD at 60p. It has a GPS receiver for geotagging photos while you shoot. Shooting modes go from a stripped-down Easy auto mode right up to full manual. It is one of the most capable full-size megazooms I've tested.
That said, it's not always the easiest camera to use simply because there are so many features. Also, if you're expecting digital SLR-quality photos and performance, you can forget it. This is still a compact camera and behaves like one (though it is an excellent one). But, if having something that's part camera and part gadget sounds appealing to you, check out the HX100V.
|Key specs||Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX100V|
|Dimensions (WHD)||4.6x3.5x3.6 inches|
|Weight (with battery and media)||1 pound, 4.3 ounces|
|Megapixels, image sensor size, type||16 megapixels, 1/2.3-inch|
|LCD size, resolution/viewfinder||3-inch LCD, 921K dots/Electronic|
|Lens (zoom, aperture, focal length)||30x, f2.8-5.9, 27-810mm (35mm equivalent)|
|File format (still/video)||JPEG/AVCHD (.MTS); MPEG-4 AVC/H.264 (.MP4)|
|Highest resolution size (still/video)||4,608x3,456 pixels/1,920x1,080 at 60fps (progressive; 28Mbps)|
|Image stabilization type||Optical and digital|
|Battery type, CIPA rated life||Li ion rechargeable, 410 shots|
|Battery charged in camera||Yes; via AC wall adapter or USB when connected to computer|
|Storage media||SD/SDHC/SDXC; Memory Stick Pro Duo; Eye-Fi Connected support|
|Bundled software||Picture Motion Browser 5.5, PMB Portable 5.0 (Windows), PMB Portable 1.1 (Mac), Music Transfer|
Considering this camera's price and size, the photo quality is excellent. Or should I say, it can be excellent if you take full advantage of all the HX100V's shooting options. But even left in auto it turns out very good photos. When viewed at full size, you can see there's little difference from ISO 100 to ISO 400. The only real issue I have is that photos aren't very sharp even at its lowest ISO. Noise reduction kicks in more at ISO 800, which softens details more and dulls color a bit. There's a noticeable increase in noise and noise reduction at ISO 1600 and ISO 3200, making colors more washed out and subjects appear painterly; you'll probably want to reserve these two highest sensitivities for emergencies when you need to shoot in low-light conditions or get a faster shutter speed regardless of the results. But, as with all of Sony's cameras with Exmor R sensors, there are shooting options for improving low-light/high ISO shots, so what you see here isn't the whole story.
The 16-megapixel resolution is completely unnecessary and doesn't get you much more room to crop or enlarge. If you're looking at buying this instead of a high-resolution digital SLR or interchangeable lens compact, you'll be disappointed--especially at higher ISO sensitivities. That said, prints at 8x10 at ISO 800 with the lens fully extended still looked good, just soft.
On the other hand, if you're shooting a stationary subject, the HX100V's Handheld Twilight mode improves low-light results by reducing noise and blur from hand shake. In fact, there's a mode to help with just about every typical shortcoming with point-and-shoots. You might not be able to make huge prints or do a lot of heavy cropping, but for snapshots the results are excellent.
The default Standard color mode produces bright, vivid colors, but they aren't terribly accurate. Most people will find them pretty pleasing, though. If you want more accurate colors, the HX100V does have a Real color setting as well as three other color modes in addition to Standard. There are also options for shifting white balance and increasing and decreasing noise reduction, color saturation, contrast, and sharpness. However, these things are not available in all shooting modes.
Movies captured by the HX100V are excellent as well. The 1080/60p and image stabilization makes for some smooth movement, too. Shooting fast-moving subjects with a pocket camera typically results in ghosting and judder, but that's not the case here. If you're looking for a single device for capturing photos and movie clips (it has a 29-minute continuous recording limit), this is one of the best options available. The optical zoom does work while recording (though you will hear it moving in quiet scenes), and the stereo mic produced good audio.
|General shooting options||Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX100V|
|ISO sensitivity (full resolution)||Auto, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1,600, 3,200|
|White balance||Auto, Daylight, Cloudy, Fluorescent white, Fluorescent natural white, Fluorescent day white, Incandescent, Flash, Custom|
|Recording modes||Easy, Intelligent Auto, Superior Auto, Program, Manual, Aperture-priority, Shutter-speed-priority Memory Recall, 3D Still Image, SCN, Intelligent Sweep Panorama, Movie|
|Focus modes||Multi AF, Center AF, Spot AF, Face Detection (Adult, Child)|
|Macro||0.4 inch (Wide); 6.6 feet (Tele)|
|Metering modes||Multi, Center, Spot|
|Color effects||Standard, Vivid, Real, Sepia, B&W|
|Burst mode shot limit (full resolution)||10 shots|
The HX100V is packed full of automatic modes as well as full manual and aperture- and shutter-speed-priority modes. Unlike many compact megazooms, the larger HX100V isn't limited to two aperture settings at the wide and telephoto ends and can be used with or without a built-in neutral density filter. Available apertures include: f2.8, f3.2, f3.5, f4.0, f4.5, f5.0, f5.6, f6.3, f7.1, and f8.0 for wide and f5.6, f6.3, f7.1, and f8.0 for telephoto. Shutter speeds are adjustable from 1/4,000 to 30 seconds.
Don't want that much control? Program will handle shutter speed and aperture while you handle everything else including color modes, contrast, color saturation, and sharpness. If you come up with a group of settings you like, the Memory Recall mode lets you store three groups of settings for quick shooting with your preferences. (This isn't supported in all shooting modes, however.)
For those who like to leave it in auto, there are three options: Easy, Intelligent Auto, and Superior Auto. Easy mode takes away all options except for image size (large or small) and enlarges onscreen text. Intelligent Auto picks from 10 scene types and turns on face detection, dynamic range optimization, and image stabilization. Superior Auto takes Intelligent Auto and adds three multishot modes--Handheld Twilight, Anti Motion Blur, and Backlight Correction HDR--to shoot photos with the best possible settings.
Why not just leave it in Superior Auto? Multishot modes like these rapidly take photos and overlay them to help remove blur, correct exposure, and reduce noise. However, they don't work well with moving subjects and they require additional in-camera image processing, so they take longer than a simple snapshot taken with Intelligent Auto and other single-shot modes. If there's a chance your subject might be moving--even slightly--while you're shooting, I'd stick with Intelligent Auto. Also, these multishot modes plus 13 other standard scenes are available in the HX100V's SCN mode so you can always pick the appropriate one when you need it. That said, Superior Auto does allow you to take full advantage of the camera's capabilities in an automatic mode.