The 2008 Toyota Prius comes near the end of a model cycle for a car that popularized hybrids in the U.S., becoming an icon during a time when the public's passion for SUVs waned due to increasing environmental concerns and skyrocketing gas prices. Although it had hybrid competitors, such as the Honda Insight and the car epitomized hybrids in the public mind as much as the Toyota Prius., no other
What makes the Prius stand out? In our review of the 2008 model, we found a car that consistently got around 45 mpg while having room for five. The cabin tech, though severely dated now, is sumptuous by 2004 standards, and not what you would see on a non-luxury car of that era. All the features are there, such as navigation, Bluetooth phone support, and some limited digital music options. And, as an interesting experiment, Toyota put most of the controls on-screen, supplemented by steering wheel buttons.
Test the tech: Zero-emission driving
Editor's note: We mistakenly refer to the Prius B transmission mode as 'Battery mode'. In fact, the transmission's B setting puts the car into engine braking mode. In this mode, the engine will turn on at around 20 mph, explaining the early engine start in our test below. At speeds under 20 mph with neither brake nor accelerator pedal depressed, B mode generates increased electricity to fill the battery. We apologize for the mistake and request that this information be taken into account when considering the behavior of the car in this test.
When we reviewed apreviously, we ran a test to see how long we could drive it before the engine came on. Given the lighter weight and better fuel economy of the Toyota Prius, we set out on the same test. Before beginning, we took steps to make sure the battery was just about topped off, hitting the accelerator hard enough to kick in the gas engine, and then lifting enough so juice flowed back into the battery. Turning up the heat also seemed to keep the gas engine on. Although the power diagram showed a full battery, the Prius' power control module really only lets the battery charge up to about 70 percent, and always keeps a 30 percent reserve; this programming is intended to prolong the life of the cells.
For our electric driving, we had flat roads with no traffic lights and few stop signs. We put the transmission into Battery mode, a program that tries to keep the car running under electric power, and applied light pressure to the accelerator so the engine wouldn't come on. The Prius moved forward quietly, creeping up in speed as we massaged the pedal. At around 15 mph we held steady, as the car seemed comfortable staying in electric mode at that speed. We drove the Prius down long, deserted roads, taking corners gradually and carefully accelerating after stop signs.
On one stretch, a car showed up in the rear view mirror, so we urged the Prius to greater speed, hoping to get at least to the 25 mph limit. But maybe we weren't delicate enough on the pedal--after 5 minutes and 15 seconds of driving, the engine came on. The battery on the Prius' power diagram showed about half a charge, so we tried to get going again, but the engine kicked over when we touched the pedal, so we figured the test was done.
But putting the car into the standard Drive mode and starting forward, we noticed the Prius moving under electric power again. We gave it another chance, resetting the stopwatch and moving out again. The car continued on under electric power for an additional 3 minutes, making 8 minutes and 15 seconds total, before the engine insisted on starting up. Estimating an average speed of 15 mph, we went a little over 2 miles under electric power.
In the cabin
Even by today's standards, the Toyota Prius has a pretty radical dashboard configuration. There is no traditional instrument cluster or stack controls. A digital speedometer sits in a display running along the top of the dashboard, which also shows the current drive mode. In the navigation-equipped model, a touch-screen LCD sits at the top of the stack. Most cabin functions are controlled on the screen, including climate. You can also control the climate, audio, and phone with buttons on the steering wheel. There is a voice-command system, but we found it very limited. For most navigation commands we gave it, the system referred us to the touch screen.