Photos: Nokia lab drops, rattles, heats, wets, crunches phones
Nokia's test center in San Diego puts every cell phone model through a rigorous physical testing process to make sure the devices can withstand a slew of abuses.
The button test
At Nokia's San Diego Test Center, the company puts every phone through a series of physical and mechanical tests to ensure it can withstand real world wear and tear. In this test, a robot pushes buttons on the keypad over and over to make sure there are no defects.
Cell phones can be exposed to extreme temperatures and weather conditions. In the big contraption in the background, Chris Rubie, the manager of the mechanical and environmental lab in San Diego, explains how the devices are tested in the chamber to see how they handle quick changes between very hot and very cold temperatures.
Shake, rattle, and roll. Nokia puts phones in this case and then pumps in air filled with dust particles and bits of cotton fibers. And then the whole contraption shakes. The phones do a little dance, allowing the dust and cotton particles to work their way into the nooks and crannies of the phones.
Cell phones are dropped, kicked, and tumbled in real life. So Nokia has devised a series of tests to see how different impacts affect cell phones. In this test, a phone is tumbled inside this machine, simulating how a phone might get knocked around inside a purse or backpack.
Since these tests are supposed to simulate real life situations, Nokia has devised a "jeans test." Phones are inserted into Levi 501 jeans filled with coins and other typical pocket items. Then, the phone is jostled around inside to see how it holds up.
Open and close. Open and close. This test literally opens and closes these Nokia flip phones over and over and over to see whether there are any design flaws that could cause the device to break or malfunction.
This test slides a phone's face back and forth exposing the QWERTY keypad underneath to make sure there are no defects. Specifically, this test ensures that the slider doesn't damage or rub the keys when the top section of the phone moves back and forth.
What happens if you spill nail polish on your phone or accidentally spray it with bug repellent? Well, that's what the household chemical test will determine. This tests shows whether chemicals in ordinary household products will damage the phone's outer casing.
When one of the stress tests results in a failure, the analysis lab takes a closer look at the device.
Here is a picture of a cell phone that has been sliced down the middle to get a closer look. The damaged area is isolated and examined under a microscope. Sometimes an electron microscope is used to see very tiny parts of the device. And 3D scans can also be used to isolate problems.
Nokia engineers make prototypes of phones to help them isolate problems and improve product design. In this picture Mike Myers, who heads up one of the laboratories in San Diego, shows off a Nokia phone and its prototype.