You may have heard of the Internet of things. Now researchers in the U.K. are trying to build the Internet of animals.
The University of Strathclyde has begun a $2.2 million project to equip cows with a "smart collar" that will allow their owners to keep tabs on them via cell phone.
The collar uses the same 3D sensor found in Wii video game controllers to detect shifts in the cow's head position. The data is then sent wirelessly over the cell phone network or a local network.
When a cow lowers its head, it's a sign of possible illness. The sensor can also detect when a cow is coming into heat, which would allow farmers to optimize insemination. Researchers expect farmers would be notified by a text.
"This technology can help secure [the future of farming] by allowing farmers to monitor the health conditions of individual cows far more easily and accurately. Not only can this development help to save the farmer money, it can also help to keep food affordable," David Evans, the head of agriculture at British food retailer Morrisons, said in a statement.
The sensor system will collect data that can be analyzed in a decision-support tool. Over time, it can be used to keep track of livestock through the food chain, said Annette MacDougall, the CEO of Embedded Technology Solutions, a spin-out company from the University of Strathclyde.