Shell ramps up cellulosic ethanol efforts
Deal with Codexis seeks to make cellulosic ethanol more commercially viable through better biocatalysts.
Royal Dutch Shell and Codexis have expanded their partnership to see if biofuels made from non-food sources can be commercially viable.
The deal, announced by the two companies announced this week, is an expansion of a pilot project Codexis was working on with Shell to improve biocatalysts in conjunction with Iogen Energy.
Biocatalysts are used in cellulosic ethanol production to break down the agricultural by-products into sugars so that they can then be fermented and distilled into biofuel.
, is known for developing a "super enzyme" for its biocatalysts. and research institutions have been looking at enzymes to . General Motors is an investor in , and was one of the sponsors of a recent study that found .
One start-up company,, is even looking at using algae as a non-food source.