The Foresight Nanotechnology Institute, a futurist organization that has raised cautionary flags about the unintended consequences of nanotechnology, and the Battelle Memorial Institute, which manages commercial scientific laboratories, have launched an effort to create a road map for nanotechnology, and it has received early support from some notable scientific organizations and companies.
The Technology Roadmap for Productive Nanosystems will essentially seek to set the agenda for the commercialization of nanotechnology, which is the science of building products out of components measuring 100 nanometers or less (a nanometer is a billionth of a meter). Roadmap contributors will hold symposiums, provide recommendations on priorities for research, and predict when various nano products may hit the market.
"The question is, Where should we be putting all of these R&D investments into nanotech? Right now, it's scattershot," said Scott Mize, Foresight's president.
Similar efforts, such as the, have helped other industries coalesce around goals and avoid divergence. These efforts tend to succeed or sink based on who participates.
So far, the road map organizers have gathered many of the early proponents of nanotechnology in North America. Steering committee members include Jim Roberto, chief research officer at; Steve Jurvetson, a partner at , a leading nanotech venture capital firm; and John Randall, CTO at .
The project is also endorsed by the Electric Power Research Institute and the Biotechnology Industry Organization. The project will initially be funded by a $250,000 grant from the Waitt Family Foundation, established by Gateway founder and nanotech investor.
Of course, not everyone is a member at the moment. Some of the large multinationals that have already kicked off major nanotechnology efforts--IBM, Intel, DuPont and NEC--are absent, as are large research universities. Organizations in Europe, Japan and the rest of Asia are also missing.
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"We're initially focusing on the U.S. just to get the ball rolling," said Mize. The organization will also recruit large multinationals to become charter members. As in other standards organizations, charter members pay annual dues--often between $10,000 and $50,000?and, in exchange, get an early peak at research directions as well as an opportunity to influence future development.
The Foresight group isn't alone in its endeavors. Several organizations, such as the International Association of Nanotechnology, have also started to lead the way toward establishing standards. Speakers and attendees at the group's conferences include EU representatives, Nobel Prize winners and scientists from Asia and North America.
In a lot of ways, coming up with a road map for nanotechnology will be a far more complex problem than those most standards bodies face. Nanotechnology is expected to influence electronics, medicine, environmental science, manufacturing and other fields, and the issues different companies face in these fields varies.
Foresight divides the evolution into four categories: passive nanomaterials, such as stronger plastics; active nanomaterials, such as chemical sensors; nano devices, such as transistors; and