In a pair of security alerts released Thursday, Apple outlined 31 flaws that affect various versions of the operating system and a dozen vulnerabilities in its QuickTime media player software. Security experts have deemed the issues "critical," but Apple does not provide a severity rating. Fixes are available.
The Mac OS X vulnerabilities lie in various components of the operating system and affect both the server and client versions, Apple said in an advisory. An attack could be launched using some of the bugs by creating a malformed file, or by building a malicious Web site and enticing someone to visit it, the company said.
"These flaws could be exploited by attackers to execute arbitrary commands, bypass security restrictions, disclose sensitive information or cause a denial of service," the French Security Incident Response Team, a security-monitoring company, said in an advisory.
The patches indicate that Apple is having a hard time completely resolving. They fix an issue in the "download validation" function, a feature designed to protect Mac users from installing harmful code from a malicious Web site or e-mail--a risk more familiar to Windows users.
Apple added the function in a. Two weeks later, it issued another update to with the feature. Thursday's fix tackles another issue: the download validation may be bypassed if a file has a long name, Apple said.
Critics have argued that the download validation function is not enough to address the installation risk, and that Apple needs to correct the problem at.
The QuickTime flaws put both Mac OS X and Windows computers at risk of compromise. All of the vulnerabilities exist because of errors in the way the media player software handles certain files. Specially crafted files in certain media formats--including JPEG, QuickTime, Flash, MPEG4 and AVI--could allow an intruder to hijack a vulnerable system, Apple said in an advisory.
Apple's security update 2006-003 for Mac OS X and the QuickTime patch can be downloaded and installed via Software Update preferences or from the Apple Downloads Web site.