I think it's pretty easy if you get a USB turntable. They connect right to your computer. There are a bunch on the market like this one:
I hope this helps.
I don't know what I need to know to record my vinyl onto CDs. I'm totally a novice for this. I do have a computer which seems to have some audio software built in (running Windows XP) but of course I don't know anything about that, either. And I don't want to spend a fortune as once my vinyl has been recorded, I intend to get rid of it.